Fillings are placed to remove decay, and replace the affected tooth structure. It is called a filling because a new material fills the hole caused by the decay process. Presently, most teeth are treated with bonded tooth-colored composite resin or amalgam fillings. Caught early enough, cavities can be treated easily. If left untreated, decay may lead to discomfort and/or infection. The treatment for infected teeth, may include extraction or root canal treatment.
Bonding involves adhering composite resin material to the surface of the tooth. This may be done to repair damage left by tooth decay, to alter the alignment of the tooth, close gaps between teeth or for cosmetic purposes. First, the decay is removed and the surface of the tooth is roughened in order to improve the bonding. A gel is applied to micro-etch the tooth surface, before the application of a primer/bond agent. Then, the material itself is placed on the tooth and hardened with an intense light. The composite resin material is finally shaped and polished to get a lustrous finish as a last step.
Fine grooves and pits on the biting surfaces of back teeth are often too narrow to allow adequate cleaning by brushing alone. Such teeth may be prone to decay and may develop cavities over time. The application of a coating, seals the grooves and pits, protecting the biting surfaces and keeping teeth healthy.
NON-SURGICAL GUM TREATMENTS
Gums, ligaments and bone (the periodontium), form the foundation for healthy teeth. When the periodontium is not healthy, it jeopardizes a tooth similar to a bad foundation threatening the stability of a house. The early signs of unhealthy periodontium, also known as gum disease, include, but are not limited to the following; gums that are red and bleed easily, persistent bad breath (halitosis), gums that are pulled away from the tooth/teeth, loose teeth, and changes in the position or bite of the teeth. With the proper care and appropriate gum treatments it may be possible to return the gums and teeth to a healthy state. This usually involves a thorough cleaning. For patient comfort, deep cleanings are completed under local anesthetic. Sometimes, locally-applied antibiotic agents may also be used. In severe or advanced cases, surgery or extractions may be treatment options. Hence, early treatment is essential.
This is a focused beam of X-Ray particles through bone and teeth which produce an image on a special sensor. This gives the familiar black and white images that doctors and dentists use to diagnose problems. X-rays are a necessary part of the diagnostic process. Without an X-ray of the whole tooth, and the supporting bone and gum tissues, it is very difficult to detect any pathology that may require attention. In our office we use digital radiography which allows us to take X-rays using 50-70% less radiation than conventional X-rays. Coupled with computer monitoring, digital x-ray technology allows us to enhance the images for better detection. X-rays are then stored on our server for future reference.